Factors Influencing Adherence to Tuberculosis Treatment among Dots Clinics Patients in Health Facilities in IJEBU Ode LGA, Ogun State, Nigeria


Okuboyejo Basirat Olawunmi*

The rate of prediabetes in people living with HIV (PLWH) is 2-3 times higher than Tuberculosis remains one of the top causes of death globally and it could be resistant to treatment if adherence to the treatment plan is not ensured. This work was done to assess factors influencing adherence to tuberculosis treatment among DOTS clinics patients in health facilities in Ijebu Ode LGA, Ogun State, Nigeria. The study utilized a descriptive cross-sectional survey design. The study population was 120 patients attending DOTS clinics in health facilities in Ijebu Ode Local Government Area in the year 2020, which were included using total enumeration method. Data were collected with a questionnaire which was validated and checked for reliability using Cronbach’s Alpha Coefficient. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 23. Findings revealed that age group 20-29 years had the highest proportion of respondents 39 (32.5%). The level of knowledge of the patients on TB DOTS was good with 106 (88.3%) and the level of adherence to medication was good with 75.8%. Seventyfive percent (75%) of the patients had positive attitude towards TB DOTS treatment. Age (p=0.001), marital status (p=0.010), occupation (p=0.026) and patients attitude (p=0.001) had statistical relationship with the adherence to treatment while Knowledge of patients on tuberculosis had no significant relationship (p=0.145). In conclusion, majority of the patients had adequate level of knowledge about tuberculosis but there is a need for an intensified effort in improving the levels of adherence of TB patients.