E-ISSN 2576-3741
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Subjective experiences of stigma related to Tuberculosis: a qualitative exploration at peri-urban, Bangladesh

Sukanta Paul, Afzal Aftab , Mahfuza Rifat, Shaila Nazneen, Raia Azmi, Shahed Hossain.

Abstract
Background
Stigma related to Tuberculosis (TB) is still a global public health challenge. However, only a few attempts were found till date that explored the stigmatization experiences of pulmonary TB patients at the peri-urban context. This study provides a grounded description of the stigmatization experiences of TB from the perspective of TB patients and community people at resource-poor peri-urban settings in Bangladesh.

Methods
The study was conducted in two districts of Bangladesh under BRAC TB Control Programme. Study participants were chosen conveniently. In total seventeen in-depth interviews with pulmonary TB patients (Nine female and eight male) and five focus group discussions with community people (three female and two male) were conducted. Data were audiotaped, transcribed into English, and coded accordingly. Finally, the thematic analysis was used to analyze the data.

Results
The findings highlight that TB stigma is still prevailing in the community. Many of the TB patients and discussants revealed the isolation of eating utensils, drinking glasses and sometimes bed by family members due to fear of TB transmission, especially during the first two months of diagnosis. For men, concealment of disease was explained as fear of being shunned. For young women, TB preventing one’s eligibility for marriage was the main reason for hiding their TB diagnosis. Anticipated avoidance from family members, especially children due to fear of transmitting TB was commonly found in both male and female TB patients. Change in behavioral and psychological aspects, problem in the family and conjugal life, avoid sexual intercourse, inability to work, lower self-esteem, and discrimination in workplaces, as well as public DOTS facilities due to TB, was also documented in this study. Frontline health workers were found to be suggesting incorrectly about the route of TB transmission to some of the TB patients.

Conclusion
Stigma exists in the personal life and social context of the TB patients which also adversely affects their psychosocial aspects of life. The information gleaned from this study will be useful for effective TB control strategies in Bangladesh.

Key words: Tuberculosis; Stigma; TB patients; peri-urban; Bangladesh


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Paul S, AA, Rifat M, Nazneen S, Azmi R, Hossain S, . Subjective experiences of stigma related to Tuberculosis: a qualitative exploration at peri-urban, Bangladesh. Am J Prev Med Public Health. 2019; 4(2): 27-36. doi:10.5455/ajpmph.20190531042639


Web Style

Paul S, AA, Rifat M, Nazneen S, Azmi R, Hossain S, . Subjective experiences of stigma related to Tuberculosis: a qualitative exploration at peri-urban, Bangladesh. http://www.ajpmph.com/?mno=51379 [Access: November 22, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ajpmph.20190531042639


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Paul S, AA, Rifat M, Nazneen S, Azmi R, Hossain S, . Subjective experiences of stigma related to Tuberculosis: a qualitative exploration at peri-urban, Bangladesh. Am J Prev Med Public Health. 2019; 4(2): 27-36. doi:10.5455/ajpmph.20190531042639



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Paul S, AA, Rifat M, Nazneen S, Azmi R, Hossain S, . Subjective experiences of stigma related to Tuberculosis: a qualitative exploration at peri-urban, Bangladesh. Am J Prev Med Public Health. (2019), [cited November 22, 2019]; 4(2): 27-36. doi:10.5455/ajpmph.20190531042639



Harvard Style

Paul, S., , A. A. ., Rifat, M., Nazneen, S., Azmi, R., Hossain, S. & (2019) Subjective experiences of stigma related to Tuberculosis: a qualitative exploration at peri-urban, Bangladesh. Am J Prev Med Public Health, 4 (2), 27-36. doi:10.5455/ajpmph.20190531042639



Turabian Style

Paul, Sukanta, Afzal Aftab, Mahfuza Rifat, Shaila Nazneen, Raia Azmi, Shahed Hossain, and . 2019. Subjective experiences of stigma related to Tuberculosis: a qualitative exploration at peri-urban, Bangladesh. American Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, 4 (2), 27-36. doi:10.5455/ajpmph.20190531042639



Chicago Style

Paul, Sukanta, Afzal Aftab, Mahfuza Rifat, Shaila Nazneen, Raia Azmi, Shahed Hossain, and . "Subjective experiences of stigma related to Tuberculosis: a qualitative exploration at peri-urban, Bangladesh." American Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health 4 (2019), 27-36. doi:10.5455/ajpmph.20190531042639



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Paul, Sukanta, Afzal Aftab, Mahfuza Rifat, Shaila Nazneen, Raia Azmi, Shahed Hossain, and . "Subjective experiences of stigma related to Tuberculosis: a qualitative exploration at peri-urban, Bangladesh." American Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health 4.2 (2019), 27-36. Print. doi:10.5455/ajpmph.20190531042639



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Paul, S., , A. A. ., Rifat, M., Nazneen, S., Azmi, R., Hossain, S. & (2019) Subjective experiences of stigma related to Tuberculosis: a qualitative exploration at peri-urban, Bangladesh. American Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, 4 (2), 27-36. doi:10.5455/ajpmph.20190531042639





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